Toyota Motor

Official Website | Est. 1937
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Description

Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational automaker. It is the world's second-largest by sales volume behind Volkswagen. Toyota is the global market leader in hybrid electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles.
Toyota's management philosophy has long been studied in the strategy literature with such concepts as "Lean Manufacturing" and "Just In Time Production".

History

The production of Toyota automobiles started in 1933 as a division of Toyoda Automatic Loom Works. The Toyota Motor Company was established in 1937; its vehicles were originally sold under the name "Toyoda". The Japanese government supported Toyota by preventing foreign competitors from importing automobiles to Japan.
After the war, Toyota marketed small vehicles under the name "Toyopet". The company continued to receive state support.
In response to the "chicken tax" that placed 25% tax on imported light trucks to the US, Toyota began building plants in the US in the early 1980s. The oil crisis in the 1970s started to change consumer preference, and Toyota's small, fuel-efficient cars that were competitively priced grew in popularity.
In the 1990s, Toyota added many larger and more luxurious vehicles to its lineup. It also launched the Lexus brand of luxury vehicles, initially in the US and gradually all over the world.

Current Lineup

Like many multinational automakers, Toyota markets different models in different markets. Some notable vehicles include (non-exhaustive):
  • Sedan: Avalon, Camry, Century, Crown, Mirai
  • Wagon: Corolla Touring Sports
  • Hatchback: Argo, Corolla, Prius, Yaris
  • Coupe: 86, Supra
  • SUV: 4Runner, Land Cruiser, Prado, Sequoia
  • Crossover: Highlander, RAV4
  • MPV: Sienna
  • Pickup: Hilux, Tacoma, Tundra
As Toyota is the industry leader in hybridization, many of these vehicles have hybrid drivetrain options. Some are available exclusively in hybrid form. The Mirai is a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.

Scores

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Products

Articles

Toyota Highlander Review Rundown thumbnail

Toyota Highlander Review Rundown

The Toyota Highlander is a large SUV with a 20-year history in North America and Japan. The Highlander Hybrid gets Toyota's latest, fourth-generation hybrid...
03 Apr 2021
Toyota Yaris (4th, XP210) Review Rundown thumbnail

Toyota Yaris (4th, XP210) Review Rundown

The latest Yaris is right in the mix, and should be on the shortlist of any supermini buyer. It may ultimately end up being trumped by the Fiesta on driving dyn...
21 Mar 2021
Toyota GR Yaris Review Rundown thumbnail

Toyota GR Yaris Review Rundown

The new Toyota GR Yaris has the most powerful three-cylinder engine in any production vehicle in the world. It also has the first proprietary four-wheel drive s...
21 Mar 2021
Toyota Mirai (2nd, FCB130) Review Rundown thumbnail

Toyota Mirai (2nd, FCB130) Review Rundown

The second-generation Mirai is Toyota's ninth FCEV. It's a zero emissions electric car, producing its electricity on board by mixing hydrogen and oxygen...
21 Mar 2021

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